Major subject of XXI century
"Technologies and means of telecommunications"
(line of training 0910 - "Electronic devices")
A word "telecommunication" means a long distance communication.
The telecommunication technologies imply skill in communication, a set of methods aimed at organization of communication,
theoretical and practical fundamentals of creating means, which allow to implement the communication.
Desire of man to hear and to see better and further turned out to be a fertile ground
for the development of different kinds of communication and, particularly, telephony, telegraphy, radio communication,
radiobroadcasting, television and others. The telecommunication means are so useful and natural for a man that the
process of their improvement is impossible to cease in principle. Nowadays, the millions of people, living on our planet,
use these means and are occupied in invention and production of them. However, only at the end of XX century a creative
force of the telecommunications became evident, that allows not only to connect cities and continents together and to give
any user the possibility of obtaining information at any point of the terrestrial globe independently of its position
and at the necessary moment, but to create new lines of investigations in science and engineering and new technologies, too.
Today the telecommunication is known all over the world as one of the most priority
directions in the development of scientific and technical progress, which requires the enormous material and intellectual
resources to be used. Based on the telecommunication it is supposed to create the worldwide information infrastructure
in XXI century, which will be constructed as "Network of networks", connecting, from the point of view of
information space, regional and national communication networks into the common network. The global digital connecting
ring is expected to be a basis of the world-wide communication network. It will be made of transoceanic and transcontinental
fiber-optic lines and conglobulations of satellite communication supplementing and expanding substantially the potentialities
of the ground communications facilities. The global digital connecting ring is thought to integrate practically all means
of electrical and radio communication.
Such tendency of information infrastructure development makes
the major subject "Technologies and the means of telecommunications" very important,
urgent and promising in XXI century. In connection with this, just the specialization in the area of the satellite
communication systems and their technologies opens wide prospects, as a specialist in the satellite telecommunication
systems is an universal specialist in the area of electronic engineering and radio communication, digital systems and
computer technologies. The necessity in such a specialist is not exhausted all over the world now and always.